Origin of the Himalayas: Formation Unveiled

Tectonic Plate Collision

The formation of the Himalayas can be attributed to the collision between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates.

Indian Subcontinent Impact

Around 50 million years ago, the Indian subcontinent began colliding with the Eurasian plate, initiating the uplift of the Himalayas.

Subduction and Crustal Compression

The Indian plate began to slide beneath the Eurasian plate as a result of the collision, which led to subduction.

Ongoing Geological Activity

The Himalayas are still actively rising today, primarily due to ongoing tectonic forces and the convergence of the two plates.

Sedimentary Rocks and Fossils

The Himalayas are made up of many different types of sedimentary rocks, which were all once a part of seabeds in the past.

Glacial Erosion

Over the course of millions of years, glaciers were an important factor in the formation of the Himalayas.

Influence of the Monsoon

Heavy rainfall in the region's monsoon climate has shaped the Himalayas through erosion and weathering.

Geographical Features

Mount Everest and the Ganges, Indus, and Brahmaputra rivers have shaped the Himalayas' landscape.

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